Tuesday, 12 August 2014

Washington, D.C.

This article is about the capital of the United States. For the state on the U.s. West Coast, see Washington (state). For different utilization, see Washington (disambiguation).

"United States capital" redirects here. For the state house building, see United States Capitol.

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Washington, D.c.

Government region

Region of Columbia

Upper left: Healy Hall at Georgetown University; upper right: U.s. Legislative hall; center: Washington Monument; bottom left: Frederick Douglass National Historic Site; base right: African American Civil War Memorial

Upper left: Healy Hall at Georgetown University; upper right: U.s. Legislative hall; center: Washington Monument; bottom left: Frederick Douglass National Historic Site; base right: African American Civil War Memorial

Banner of Washington, D.c.

Flag official seal of Washington, D.c.

Seal

Nickname(s):

Primary article: Nicknames of Washington, D.c.

Adage: Justitia Omnibus  (English: Justice for All)

Area of Washington, D.c., in the adjoining United States and in connection to the U.s. states of Maryland and Virginia.

Area of Washington, D.c., in the adjoining United States and in connection to the U.s. states of Maryland and Virginia.

Coordinates: 38°53′42.4″n 77°02′12.0″wcoordinates: 38°53′42.4″n 77°02′12.0″w

Country United States

Approved july 16, 1790

Organized 1801

Consolidated 1871

Allowed restricted self-government 1973

Named for george Washington

Government

• Mayor vincent C. Ash (D)

• D.c. Council phil Mendelson (D), Chairman

Zone

• Federal district 177.0 km2 (68.3 sq mi)

• Land 159.0 km2 (61.4 sq mi)

• Water 18.0 km2 (6.9 sq mi)

Elevation 0–125 m (0–409 ft)

Populace (2013 estimate)[1][2]

• Federal district 646,449 (23rd biggest city in U.s.)

• Density 4,066/km2 (10,528/sq mi)

• Metro 5,860,342 (seventh biggest in U.s.)

• Demonym washingtonian

Time zone est (Utc−5)

• Summer (Dst) edt (Utc−4)

ZIP code(s) 20001-20098, 20201-20599

Region code(s) 202

Website www.dc.gov

Washington, D.c., formally the District of Columbia and ordinarily alluded to as Washington, "the District", or essentially D.c., is the capital of the United States. The marking of the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, sanction the formation of a capital locale spotted along the Potomac River on the nation's East Coast. The U.s. Constitution accommodated a government locale under the selective purview of the Congress and the District is in this manner not a piece of any U.s. state.

The states of Maryland and Virginia each one gave area to structure the government region, which incorporated the previous settlements of Georgetown and Alexandria. Named to pay tribute to George Washington, the City of Washington was established in 1791 to serve as the new national capital. In 1846, Congress gave back where its due initially ceded by Virginia and made a solitary civil government for the remaining part of the District in 1871.

Washington, D.c., had an expected populace of 646,449 in 2013, the 23rd most crowded place in the United States. Workers from the encompassing Maryland and Virginia suburbs raise the city's populace to more than one million amid the workweek. The Washington metropolitan range, of which the District is a part, has a populace of 5.8 million, the seventh-biggest metropolitan territory in the nation.

The focuses of each of the three limbs of the national administration of the United States are in the District, including the Congress, president, and Supreme Court. Washington is home to numerous national landmarks and storehouses, which are essential arranged on or around the National Mall. The city has 176 outside government offices and also the central station of numerous universal associations, exchange unions, non-benefit associations, campaigning gatherings, and expert affiliations.

A by regional standards chose leader and a 13‑member chamber have legislated the District since 1973. Nonetheless, the Congress keeps up incomparable power over the city and may upset nearby laws. D.c. occupants choose a non-voting, on the loose congressional agent to the U.s. Place of Representatives, yet the District has no representation in the U.s. Senate. The District gets three discretionary votes in presidential decisions as allowed by the Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution, confirmed in 1961.

Substance  [hide]

1 History

1.1 Foundation

1.2 Retrocession and the Civil War

1.3 Growth and redevelopment

1.4 Civil rights and home govern time

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Cityscape

3.1 Architecture

4 Demographics

4.1 Crime

5 Economy

6 Culture

6.1 Historic destinations and exhibition halls

6.2 Arts

6.3 Sports

7 Media

8 Government and legislative issues

8.1 Budgetary issues

8.2 Voting rights banter about

8.3 Sister urban areas

9 Education

10 Infrastructure

10.1 Transportation

10.2 Utilities

11 See additionally

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